Women in Politics: Breaking the Glass Ceiling in Kenya

advocating for women in politics


The landscape of politics in Kenya has long been dominated by men, but in recent years, women have been making significant strides towards breaking the glass ceiling. From grassroots activism to high-ranking political positions, Kenyan women are challenging the status quo and paving the way for future generations. Badili Africa is a Pan-African women’s rights organization in Kenya dedicated to creating safe spaces where women and girls can flourish and harness their LEADERSHIP capacities. In this article, we explore the journey, challenges, and successes of women in Kenyan politics.

Historical Context

The journey of women in Kenyan politics has been a long and challenging one. Historically, Kenyan society has been patriarchal, with women often relegated to traditional roles. However, the push for gender equality began to gain momentum with the fight for independence and continued through the post-colonial era.

  • Maendeleo ya Wanawake Organization (MYWO) (1952)
  • Established to promote the welfare of women, MYWO played a crucial role in advocating for women’s rights and political participation during the independence movement.

Key Milestones

  1. Wangari Maathai and the Green Belt Movement (1977)
  • As the first African woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize, Wangari Maathai’s environmental activism also had a significant political impact. Her work emphasized the importance of women’s involvement in politics and community leadership.
  1. The 2010 Constitution
  • The promulgation of the new constitution was a turning point for women’s rights in Kenya. It introduced a requirement that no more than two-thirds of any elected or appointed body could be of the same gender, significantly boosting women’s political representation.
  1. Election of Martha Karua (2003-2009)
  • Serving as Minister of Justice and Constitutional Affairs, Martha Karua was known for her strong stance on anti-corruption and women’s rights, becoming a role model for many aspiring female politicians.

Challenges Faced by Women in Politics

Despite these advancements, women in Kenyan politics still face numerous challenges:

  • Cultural and Societal Norms
  • Deep-seated cultural beliefs and traditional gender roles often hinder women’s political ambitions. Many communities still view leadership as a male domain, making it difficult for women to gain support.
  • Violence and Intimidation
  • Female politicians often face gender-based violence and intimidation, both online and offline. This hostile environment can discourage women from pursuing political careers.
  • Economic Barriers
  • Politics in Kenya is expensive, and many women lack the financial resources necessary to run effective campaigns. This economic disparity limits their ability to compete with male counterparts.

Success Stories and Rising Stars

Despite these obstacles, many women have successfully navigated the political landscape and emerged as influential leaders:

  1. Anne Waiguru
  • Elected as the Governor of Kirinyaga County, Waiguru is one of the few women to hold a gubernatorial position, showcasing the potential for women’s leadership at high levels of government.
  1. Charity Ngilu
  • As the Governor of Kitui County and a former Cabinet Secretary, Ngilu has been a significant figure in Kenyan politics, advocating for women’s rights and development.
  1. Esther Passaris
  • Serving as the Nairobi Woman Representative, Passaris is a vocal advocate for women’s issues and has been instrumental in pushing for gender equality in legislative processes.

The Role of Women’s Organizations

Women’s organizations in Kenya play a vital role in supporting female politicians and advocating for gender equality:

  • Federation of Women Lawyers (FIDA) Kenya
  • FIDA provides legal aid, advocacy, and training to empower women and promote their rights, including political participation.
  • Kenya Women Parliamentary Association (KEWOPA)
  • KEWOPA supports female legislators through capacity-building initiatives, aiming to increase women’s representation and influence in parliament.


The journey of women in Kenyan politics is marked by resilience and determination. While significant progress has been made, there is still a long way to go in achieving true gender equality in the political arena that’s why at Badili Africa, we aim to empower young ladies and chama women on political issues to ensure they don’t shy away from leadership positions. By continuing to break barriers and challenge stereotypes, Kenyan women are not only transforming their own lives but also shaping a more inclusive and equitable future for the entire nation. As more women step into leadership roles, their contributions will undoubtedly lead to a stronger, more representative democracy.

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